By Irene Howard
While Helena Gutteridge died in 1960, she left in the back of a legacy of social and political reform. She was once born right into a working-class relations in England the place, as a tender lady, she used to be considering the militant fight for votes for ladies. while she arrived in British Columbia in 1911, she fast turned a champion for the rights of ladies and employees. during this publication, Irene Howard chronicles Gutteridge's existence and struggles for those explanations - for women's suffrage, for jobs for the unemployed and union attractiveness, for the minimal salary, and for reasonably cheap housing. Following a time period on Vancouver's urban Council - she used to be in 1937 the 1st lady to be elected to Council - she labored in a jap internment camp. She persisted to paintings for a number of left-wing and women's factors until eventually her demise on the age of eighty one. As used to be standard for a lady of her type and time, Helena Gutteridge didn't retain own files, nor did organizational documents exist to any quantity.
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Additional resources for The Struggle for Social Justice in British Columbia: Helena Gutteridge, the Unknown Reformer
Slum clearance. In Nell's Victorian Chelsea childhood, these were as familiar as the milkman or dustman clattering down the street, components of a cultural milieu that by the end of the century manifested the compassionate values of the welfare state. As early as 1874, the Royal College of Physicians, in which the Medical Health Officers were a vocal group, presented a petition to the prime minister condemning 'philan- 18 The Struggle for Social Justice in BC thropy' and 'laissez faire' and declaring private enterprise incapable of providing adequate low-rental housing.
15 The Theosophical Society was a training ground for Helena. 16 Unfortunately for the practical reformer, Karmic law operates slowly: one atones in the present life for the wrongdoings of an earlier incarnation without, however, knowing what those sins are. Karma works on a vast cosmic scale over the centuries, during which erring human beings in succeeding reincarnations are gradually ennobled, their gross matter purified so that eventually humanity receives the benefits of this purification.
Intense smell was equated with the occurrence of disease. 28 With Edwin Chadwick sanitation became an obsession, and his mother is held responsible, because she had instilled in him by daily admonition the need for cleanliness. He did not believe in the new germ theory. 29 Although other sanitary reformers - Sir John Simon, Benjamin Ward Richardson, Neil Arnott, Southwood Smith - were not as fanatic as Chadwick, like him they distrusted the new science of bacteriology and were as dedicated as he to the sanitary conversion of the individual Briton as a means of preventing disease.