By K. Takeuchi, R.D. Brown, I. Washitani, A. Tsunekawa, M. Yokohari
Japan’s conventional and fragile satoyama panorama process was once built over centuries of human lifestyles on mountainous island terrain in a monsoon weather. The conscientiously controlled coppice woodlands at the hillsides, the villages strung alongside the bottom of the hills, and the conscientiously tended paddy fields of rural Japan made attainable the sustainable interplay of nature and people. Radical alterations in the course of the 20th century resulted in the abandonment of satoyama landscapes which now are being rediscovered. there's a new recognition that those woodlands nonetheless play a necessary function within the administration of the japanese panorama and a brand new choice to regulate them for the longer term. This multifaceted e-book explores the historical past, nature, biodiversity, present conservation measures, and destiny makes use of of satoyama. the knowledge awarded the following can be of curiosity in all elements of the area the place styles of sustainable improvement are being sought.
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Additional resources for Satoyama: The Traditional Rural Landscape of Japan
1 A Two-Dimensional Analysis of Satoyama Landscape As discussed in the previous section, despite the profound economic and lifestyle changes since the Meiji period, there has not been a significant change in the area of woodland and agricultural land in Japan. However, the details reveal there was a big change around the cities, where population inflow and urban expansion transformed farmlands and woodlands into residential suburbs. Since the Meiji period, interior woodlands were the focus of conservation, whereas satoyama landscapes distributed in urban surroundings steadily declined.
1 % more than that in 1900. This indicates that forests and woodlands have not changed greatly in area, on a national scale, in 100 years. This is a surprising result, considering the huge social and economic changes during this time. 1. Changes in national land use since 1850 (Source: Himiyama 1995) ca. 1850 ca. 1900 ca. 1950 ca. 00 37207 Urban land use Rail road Agricultural land use Other tree field Forests and woodlands Broad-leaved forests and woodlands Bamboo woodland etc. 1 ~ ~6000 ........
Unlike the areas designated under these two laws, satoyama landscapes are often local nature taken for granted. Satoyama landscapes not only have physical and ecological functions, but also sociological functions within" the local community. 36 2 The Nature of Satoyama Landscapes This was beyond the scope of previous nature policies. A policy that genuinely dealt with all the functions of satoyama environments has been a long time coming. 2 Municipal Environmental Policy From the 1970s onwards, some local municipalities began to prepare environmental management plans.