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Though it's been domestic for hundreds of years to indigenous peoples who've mastered its stipulations, the Arctic has traditionally confirmed to be a tough quarter for governments to manage. severe temperatures, gigantic distances, and greatly dispersed styles of cost have made it most unlikely for bureaucracies established in distant capitals to erect and hold the type of infrastructure and associations that they've equipped in different places. As weather switch transforms the polar areas, this booklet seeks to discover how the demanding situations of governance are constructing and being met in Alaska, the Canadian a ways North, and Greenland, whereas additionally drawing upon classes from the region's earlier. although the event of every of those jurisdictions is exclusive, their position inside of democratic, federal structures and the prominence inside of every one of them of concerns on the subject of the rights of indigenous peoples situates them as a part of an identifiably 'North American Arctic.' at the present time, as this quantity exhibits, their associations are evolving to deal with modern problems with defense, environmental safeguard, indigenous rights, and monetary development.

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Extra resources for Governing the North American Arctic: Sovereignty, Security, and Institutions

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Archaeologists refer to them as the Thule Culture, in recognition of the initial discovery of their remains near Thule, Greenland. 7 As the longest surviving inhabitants of the North 32 Sovereignty American Arctic, their homelands are central to their cultural identity and they are determined to protect them for future generations. Yet, long before the Thule Inuit reached Greenland, Europeans had already settled in southern portions of the island – more than 500 years before Columbus allegedly discovered America.

Macdonald was pressured into annexing the Hudson’s Bay Company’s lands, with Britain loaning the money to fund the deal. Then, just four years later, in 1874, the British Colonial Office offered to transfer the Arctic Islands to the new Dominion. Advised by the Admiralty that their maps were incomplete, British officials refused Canada’s request that the transfer be legislated by an act of parliament with the boundaries clearly defined. 19 As a consequence, within 13 years of its creation, Canada had become one of the world’s largest countries in size but with a miniscule population and no navy or even a government ship capable of sailing in the Arctic to monitor activities in its newly acquired lands.

Objectives may differ from one community to the next, but growth must be sustainable over time and not subject to the ‘boom and bust’ syndrome associated with previous mining development.

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