Download Ultimate guide to farm mechanics : a practical how-to guide by Fred D. Crawshaw, Emil W. Lehmann, Byron D. Halsted, James PDF

By Fred D. Crawshaw, Emil W. Lehmann, Byron D. Halsted, James H. Stephenson

A reference and guideline consultant to the mechanics of operating the land.

The Ultimate advisor to Farm Mechanics combines 3 vintage farming texts for the 1st time, compiling wisdom from the easiest resources released way back to 1884. A accomplished reference ebook that belongs in any farming loved ones at the present time, it bargains an array of farm wisdom for either specialists and amateurs alike.

The publication is split into 3 components: the 1st covers normal abilities equivalent to woodworking and blacksmithing, the second one is devoted to farm engines and the way to run them, and the 3rd teaches readers tips to build vintage labor-saving units comparable to an efficient milking stool, plowing equipment for a kicking mule, and a nest for egg-eating hens. Readers are taught to fix damaged instruments, make fertilizer and corn fodder, purchase engine components, and deal with gas engines properly and economically.

Filled with tricky illustrations, images, and diagrams, Ultimate consultant to Farm Mechanics offers a wealth of data nonetheless vital to the modern day farmer. either the informal and novice reader will study invaluable classes from the previous academics of early twentieth-century farming within the United States.

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Extra resources for Ultimate guide to farm mechanics : a practical how-to guide for the farmer

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The piles are set up a foot or more from the ground, one end being a few inches higher than the opposite one. They are covered with boards to protect the drying lumber from rain and sun. In order to produce lumber quickly for construction use, it is artificially seasoned or kiln-dried. This reduces the moisture of the wood to perhaps five per cent, whereas, in the natural process, ten per cent is the approximate minimum. However, kiln-dried lumber will more quickly re-absorb moisture. As most lumber nowadays is seasoned by some artificial means, it is advisable to pile it in shops as for air-seasoning.

Under the classification of tools (Sec. 7), are listed those in common use. Among these, but not under a single heading, are those which are used principally for fashioning irregular surfaces. In such a group are found the spoke-shave, the draw-knife and similar tools; the hatchet, ax and adz, and also such miscellaneous tools as the turning-saw, woodrasp and gage (Fig. 5). Perhaps in no place where woodworking hand tools are in common use are the modeling tools more generally used than on the farm, with the possible exception of the cooper shop.

FIG. 2. End of log, showing annual rings and medullary rays. Boards are usually slash-sawed, the term used for parallel sawing (A, Fig. 1). However, they are also rift-sawed or quarter-sawed, which means that the saw cut is radial, as shown in B, Fig. 1. The advantage of the radially-sawed board is that the edges rather than the sides of the fiber of the wood form the surface of the board and thereby make a more even grain and one which wears better. 3. Tree Growth. When a tree is sawed down, the sawed end will show concentric rings (Fig.

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