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Ionization levels are indicated by roman numerals. Thus C I is unionized carbon, C II is singly ionized, etc. ) is speci ed by identifying the principal quantum number n = 1 2 : : : the orbital angular momentum l = 0 1 : : : n ; 1, and the spin angular momentum s = 21 . The total angular momentum j is the magnitude of the vector sum of l and s, j = l 21 (j 21 ). The letters s, p, d, f, g, h, i, k, l, : : : , respectively, are associated with angular momenta l = 0 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, : : : .

B. Zel'dovich and Yu. P. Raizer, Physics of Shock Waves and HighTemperature Hydrodynamic Phenomena (Academic Press, New York, 1966), Vol. I, p. 407. 39. H. R. Griem, Plasma Spectroscopy (Academic Press, New York, 1966). 40. T. F. Stratton, \X-Ray Spectroscopy," in Plasma Diagnostic Techniques, R. H. Huddlestone and S. L. Leonard, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1965). 41. G. Beke , Radiation Processes in Plasmas (Wiley, New York, 1966). 42. T. W. Johnston and J. M. Dawson, \Correct Values for High-Frequency Power Absorption by Inverse Bremsstrahlung in Plasmas," Phys.

The condition for a longitudinal magnetic eld Bz to suppress lamentation ; 2 in a beam of current density J (in A cm ) is Bz > 47 z ( J )1=2 G: Voltage registered by Rogowski coil of minor cross-sectional area A, n turns, major radius a, inductance L, external resistance R and capacitance C (all in SI): externally integrated self-integrating V = (1=RC )(nA 0 I=2 a) V = (R=L)(nA 0 I=2 a) = RI=n: X-ray production, target with average atomic number Z (V < 5 MeV): x-ray power/beam power = 7 10;4 ZV: X-ray dose at 1 meter generated by an e-beam depositing total charge Q coulombs while V 0:84Vmax in material with charge state Z : 2:8 QZ 1=2 rads: D = 150Vmax 47 BEAM INSTABILITIES30 Name Electronelectron Buneman Beam-plasma Weak beamplasma Beam-plasma (hot-electron) Ion acoustic Anisotropic temperature (hydro) Ion cyclotron Conditions Saturation Mechanism Vd > Vej j = 1 2 Electron trapping until Vd > (M=m)1=3 Vi Vd > Ve Vb > (np =nb )1=3 Vb Vb < (np =nb )1=3 Vb Electron trapping until Ve > Vb > Vb Te Ti Vd Cs Te?

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