By Professor Anna K. Jarstad, Professor Timothy D. Sisk
Makes an attempt to introduce democracy within the wake of civil battle face a serious challenge: how can war-torn societies stream in the direction of peace and democracy whilst aggressive politics and hard-fought elections exacerbate social and political clash? via a research of six subject matters (peacekeeping, administration of violence, strength sharing, political get together transformation, elections, civil society and foreign reactions to democratization crises) this quantity considers the dilemmas that come up in pursuing peace after civil battle via methods of democratization. The members' study highlights the advanced dating among democratization, that's aggressive, and peacebuilding or efforts to accomplish reconciliation. The publication bargains insights into more suitable motion in peacebuilding in mild of the momentary unwanted effects that democratization can introduce. it's a thought-provoking paintings that seeks either to enhance conception and to supply policy-relevant findings to facilitate greater and sturdy transitions from battle to democracy.
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Extra info for From war to democracy : dilemmas of peacebuilding
To recall, efforts to promote security is only one element of peacebuilding. Successful war-to-democracy transitions involve political, institutional, and social transformation to bring conditions that enable lasting peace and democracy. PART II The security context 2 Peacekeeping and democratization VIRGINIA PAGE FORTNA The international community has endeavored to maintain peace and foster stable, democratic polities in a host of war-torn countries since the end of the Cold War. A primary tool in this effort has been the practice of international peacekeeping – the deployment of international personnel, generally under the auspices of the United Nations or regional organizations, to oversee the transition from war to peace.
This decision regards the horizontal relation between the elites of warring parties and of democratic political parties. A selected group of elites may more easily commit to difficult compromises, while comprehensive peace negotiations may result in more lasting agreements by involving 4 The labeling of these four types of dilemmas is my own but builds on previous research. , Cousens 2001a; Holsti 1996; Paris 2004). 22 Anna K. Jarstad all parties with a stake in post-war developments. Broad inclusion is also in line with democratic theory on power sharing, which suggests that the more groups represented in the process, the more democratic it is.
In this way, securing a minimal level of peace is a first necessary step for successful war-to-democracy transitions. At the same time it is important not to postpone elections for too long, as elections performs various functions after war. The book also not fulfill the criteria above, some of the chapters in this book make reference to these and other cases, as they prove valuable for understanding the broader issue of war-to-democracy transitions. htm. 36 Anna K. Jarstad outlines ways to promote democratization short of elections, by opening up space for actors outside the formal peace process.