By Jean-Paul Sartre, Bernard Frechtman
In The feelings: define of a Theory, French thinker Jean-Paul Sartre makes an attempt to appreciate the position feelings play within the human psyche. Sartre analyzes worry, lust, pain, and depression whereas saying that people start to improve emotional features from a truly early age, which is helping them determine and comprehend the feelings’ names and features later in life.
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Additional info for The Emotions: Outline Of A Theory
This apprehension of the me ans as the only possible way to reach the end ( or, if there are n means, as the only n possible means, etc. ) can be called a pragmatistic intuition of the determinism of the wo rld . From this point of view, the world aro un d us-what the Germans call umwelt the wo rl d of our desires, our needs, and our acts, ap pears as if it were furrowed with strict an d narrow paths which l e ad to one or the o the r determined end, that is, to the appearance of a created object.
If the acts of substitution are impossible or if they do not produce sufficient resolut ion, the persistent ten sion manifests itself by the t ende ncy to give up, to run away, or to re ti re into oneself in an a ttit u de of passivity. We have sa id, in effect, that the subj ect of 34 of T H E C L A S S I C A l. T H E O R I E S finds himsel f submi ssive t o the pos iti ve attract ion of the goal, to the negat ive attraction of the barrier. Moreover, the fact of havi ng a g ree d to submit to the t e st has con ferred a n eg a t ive obj ects in t h e field, in this sense, all other that all d ive rs i on s foreign to the task are ipso facto impossible.
RI C T H EO R Y thing signified is entirely cut o ff from the thing sig nifying. The behavior of the subject is, in itself, what it is ( if we call "in itself" what it is for itself ) , but it is possible to decipher it by appropriate tech niques as a written language is deciphered. In short, the conscious fact is to the thing signified as a thing, the effect of a certain event, is to that event, for example, as the traces of a fire lit on the moun tain are to the human beings who lit the fire.