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By Marcia W. Baron

A defence of Kant's deontological notion of ethics. the writer bargains reflections on meant issues of Kant's ethics: that it leaves no room for supererogatory activities and that it overemphasizes the price of performing from responsibility.

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Should someone who publicly opposes birth control and abortion be treated in moral philosophy as a paradigmatically morally excellent person? I certainly do not want to endorse that view, nor, I imagine, do most other philosophers who cite her as a moral exemplar. Rather, we are focusing on her altruism and ignoring her stands on birth control and abortion, and are thus speaking of a somewhat fictionalized Mother Teresa. -53to us another way of according special moral status to the conduct of a Maria or a Mother Teresa: we speak of their virtues, of their character, of their remarkable commitment to good causes.

There are a number of problems with Urmson's arguments, most notably that they seem to apply more to club rules than to ethics. Unless ____________________ 50. Eisenberg, "Basic Ethical Categories," pp. 267-268. It has become common to speak as if there is nothing problematic in the supposition that one condition of adequacy for moral theories is that they must not make excessive demands on us. For an insightful discussion of this notion of "excessive demands," see Norman Care, "Career Choices," Ethics 94 ( 1984): 283-302, especially sec.

According to Vigilantius, Kant claimed that while parents are obligated to feed their children, to educate their children to the point where they can support themselves is an opus supererogationis. i. ] -47opinion," Paul Eisenberg states that many of the actions or modes of conduct which Kant regards as duties "are in fact . . " 50. One of his examples is the duty (or alleged duty) to promote the happiness of others. Appeal to common opinion is often dubious; on issues of whether we have to promote the happiness of others or whether it is optional, common opinion is decidedly suspect.

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