By Glenn Rand
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Extra resources for Film & Digital Techniques for Zone System Photography
The idea is to over- or underdevelop to make the negatives meet the needs of the paper. Understanding the development of silver halide emulsions is VISUALIZING THE SYSTEM 49 key to being able to change the development to create negatives that “fit” the paper’s exposure range. Development has a greater effect on highlights than on shadows. As we increase development there is a buildup in density, with more density in areas of greater exposure. As the film curve shows, as you give more development there is an increasing spread of the two curves as you get farther from the toe.
44 FILM & DIGITAL TECHNIQUES FOR ZONE SYSTEM PHOTOGRAPHY Photo by Glenn Rand. CHAPTER FIVE VISUALIZING THE SYSTEM As mentioned in chapter 2, light makes photography and vision possible. Beyond understanding how light affects the scene we need to be concerned with how light is related to the film’s sensitivity, exposure, and processing. FLARE Photo by Christopher Broughton. Camera System Flare. Camera system flare is an unavoidable but somewhat controllable part of photographic capture. As light enters the camera the lens not only focuses light from the scene but also captures light from areas not VISUALIZING THE SYSTEM 45 included in our viewfinder.
The zones are shown as they represent the scene and the print. 40 FILM & DIGITAL TECHNIQUES FOR ZONE SYSTEM PHOTOGRAPHY Photo by Christopher Broughton. within a predictable linear relationship. While the areas are not as predictable with a relationship between exposure and tonal change, we use the toe area for Zones 0 and I to produce a negative with predictable and thus controllable zones (II through VIII) on the straight-line portion of the curve. Since the film’s shoulder is not as pronounced as a paper curve, the function of our zones extends to include Zone IX.