By United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
The area Drug record provides entire info at the illicit drug scenario. It presents designated estimates and tendencies on construction, trafficking and intake within the opium/heroin, coca/cocaine, hashish and amphetamine-type stimulants markets. The drug challenge is being contained yet there are indicators that the stabilization which has happened during the last few years will be at risk. amazing among those is the rise in either opium poppy and coca cultivation in 2007, a few progress in intake in constructing nations and a few improvement of recent trafficking styles. There have additionally been encouraging contractions in a few of the major purchaser markets. This yr, virtually 100 years because the Shanghai Opium fee in 1909, the document provides a historic assessment of the advance of the foreign drug keep watch over approach.
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Extra resources for World Drug Report 2008 (World Drug Report)
16: Global opium production (metric tons), 1990-2007 9,000 8,000 Metric tons 7,000 6,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 Afghanistan Myanmar Opium production reaches a new record high Global opium production reached record levels in 2007: led by production in Afghanistan, it increased for a second year in a row to 8,870 mt. This is by far the highest annual level of production recorded in the last two decades and roughly double the annual average for that period. This is related to the shift in cultivation from Myanmar to Afghanistan which has taken place over the same period.
Provinces which were found to be free of poppy in 2006 remained so through 2007, when an additional 7 were identified, bringing the number of poppy-free provinces to 13. In Pakistan, where opium poppy is grown in the AfghanPakistan border region, a cultivation increase of 10% to around 1,700 ha was reported. Lao PDR 07 06 05 04 03 02 01 00 99 98 97 96 95 94 93 92 91 90 0 Rest of the World After six years of decline, overall opium poppy cultivation in South-East Asia increased by 22% on the strength of a 29% increase in Myanmar to 27,700 ha.
2: Opiates 14% Global cannabis seizures: 2005-2006 5,230 4,657 Cannabis herb Coca Cannabis plant 9% Depressants 2% Ecstasy Cannabis resin 2% Amphetamines 5% Cannabis oil Other 3% Cannabis 65% 1,312 3,790 1,025 1,286 2 1 0 2005 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 Metric ton equivalents 2006 Source: UNODC, Government reports. Source: UNODC, Government reports. mt in 2005 to 103 mt in 2006), and a decrease in methamphetamine production (from 278 mt to 267 mt) which is again compensated by an increase in global amphetamine production (from 88 mt to 126 mt).