Download Transparent Conductive Zinc Oxide: Basics and Applications by K. Ellmer, A. Klein (auth.), Dr. Klaus Ellmer, Dr. Andreas PDF

By K. Ellmer, A. Klein (auth.), Dr. Klaus Ellmer, Dr. Andreas Klein, Professor Dr. Bernd Rech (eds.)

Zinc oxide (ZnO) belongs to the category of obvious undertaking oxides that are used as obvious electrodes in digital units or heated home windows. during this booklet the fabric houses of, the deposition applied sciences for, and functions of zinc oxide in skinny movie sunlight cells are defined in a accomplished demeanour. Structural, morphological, optical and digital houses of ZnO are handled during this assessment. The editors and authors of this ebook are experts in deposition, research and fabrication of thin-film sunlight cells and particularly of ZnO. This publication is meant as an summary and a knowledge assortment for college kids, engineers and scientist.

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Extra resources for Transparent Conductive Zinc Oxide: Basics and Applications in Thin Film Solar Cells

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4) where the sum covers all possible diffusion paths. Since the defect formation enthalpy depends on the chemical potential and on the Fermi level position, the diffusivity will too. Furthermore, the dominant diffusion mechanism can change with chemical potential (oxygen partial pressure). This has been explicitly described for oxygen diffusion in ZnO by Erhart and Albe [129] where at low oxygen partial pressure a vacancy mechanism is prevalent while an interstitialcy mechanism dominates at higher oxygen partial pressures.

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