By Piotr Stefan Wandycz
Although France, Poland, and Czechoslovakia have been in jeopardy from a restoration of German energy after global conflict I and from a possible German hegemony in Europe, France failed in her efforts to keep up a approach of alliances together with her imperiled friends. concentrating on the interval from 1926 to 1936, Piotr Wandycz seeks to provide an explanation for how and why those 3 countries, with a lot in danger, missed to behave in live performance. Wandycz is the writer of a well known learn at the sequence of alliances developed through France, Poland, and Czechoslovakia within the years following the Treaty of Versailles. during this present quantity he alternatives up the tale after the Locarno Pact (1925) and follows the revolutionary disintegration of the alliance procedure until eventually the time of Hitler's remilitarization of the Rhineland.
Through an exam of the political, army, and fiscal family members between France, Poland, and Czechoslovakia, the writer presents worthy insights into an period that contained the seeds of the long run conflict and the cave in of the historical ecu method. through counting on French, Polish, and extra selectively Czechoslovak and Western documents, and due to his intimate wisdom of crucial and East eu released assets, he has stuffed a wide hole within the background of prewar international relations. He indicates how the divergent goals of Czechoslovakia and Poland mixed with a decline of French determination to avoid a true harmony one of the partners.
Originally released in 1988.
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Extra resources for The Twilight of French Eastern Alliances, 1926-1936: French-Czechoslovak-Polish Relations from Locarno to the Remilitarization of the Rhineland
They concluded that Czechoslovak security was strengthened, and the alliance with France “ super-guaranteed” by the signatories of the Rhine pact. 474 9This asser 8 tion was dubious if we think of the views prevailing in Paris. It seemed incontestable that the Locarno concert of powers diminished the impor tance of Czechoslovakia, which had previously been able to maneuver be tween the powers. Beneš spoke of a “ Central European Locarno” that would strengthen regional security with the participation of Hungary and Austria, a rapprochement with Russia, and good relations with Poland, but these were not easy goals to attain.
4' As the Czechoslovak envoy in Berlin noted, it was essential that Germany remain democratic, and this could only be achieved with the moral support of the rest of the world. A FrancoCzechoslovak-Polish bloc might contain Germany and even defeat it in war, but this would be a pyrrhic victory. 414 2Hence, Prague supported the line of the French diplomacy, a fact highly appreciated in Paris, while sug gesting simultaneously that Czechoslovakia was not endangered by Ger man revisionism and was in a different situation than Poland.
The French were hardly torn between loy alty to their allies and the need to cooperate with Germany, as has been sometimes asserted. ’* The existing idea of revising the alliance with Poland was now accompanied by the notion of using arbitration treaties in the east to eliminate the threat of an armed conflict there. ” *9 Both Chamberlain and Beneš believed that France would not stand in the way of a peaceful German revisionism in the east, and indeed many political leaders of the French Left thought that Poland should make some territo rial sacrifices.