Download The Scepter and the Star: Messianism in Light of the Dead by John J. Collins PDF

By John J. Collins

John J. Collins right here deals an up to date evaluation of Jewish messianic expectancies round the time of Jesus, in gentle of the lifeless Sea Scrolls.He breaks those expectancies down into different types: Davidic, priestly, and prophetic. according to a small variety of prophetic oracles and mirrored within the a number of titles and names assigned to the messiah, the Davidic version holds a transparent expectation that the messiah determine might play a militant function. In sectarian circles, the priestly version used to be way more in demand. Jesus of Nazareth, besides the fact that, confirmed extra resemblance to the prophetic messiah in the course of his ancient profession, pointed out because the Davidic “Son of guy” essentially after his demise. during this moment variation of The Scepter and the superstar Collins has revised the dialogue of Jesus and early Christianity, thoroughly rewritten a bankruptcy on a determine who claims to have a throne in heaven, and has extra a short dialogue of the lately released and debatable imaginative and prescient of Gabriel.

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Extra info for The Scepter and the Star: Messianism in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Second Edition

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If any of you could break my covenant with the day and my covenant with the night, so that day and night would not come at their appointed time, only then could my covenant with my servant David be broken, so that he would not have a son to reign on his throne, and my covenant with my ministers the Levites.... (Jer 3 3 : 1 7 - 2 1 ) The prophecy affirms the reliability of the divine promise. The covenant with David cannot be broken, and neither can the covenant with Levi. ) The passage implicitly recognizes that the promises have not been fulfilled in any satisfactory way as yet.

Since rPWft is also used in the plural with reference to prophets (CD 2:9; 1 Q M 1 1 : 7 ) , and the Melchizedek scroll (liQMelchizedek) identifies the "herald" of Isa 52:7 as "the anointed of the spirit" (111*111 IVtPft, cf. CD 2 : 9 ) , it is possible that the prophet may be a messianic figure, too. The Scrolls, then, indicate a greater diversity of messianic expectations in Judaism around the turn of the era than was apparent before their discovery. 59 60 The Terminological Issue The degree of diversity is inevitably bound up with the question of termi­ nology.

Some scholars have reacted to the demise of the Jamnia hypothesis by pushing back the closure to the second century BCE. Sid Leiman, in his book The Canonization of Hebrew Scripture, argued that the process was completed by Judas Maccabee. This position, however, is indefensible. The putative evidence, 2 Mace 2 : 1 4 - 1 5 , says only that Judah collected all the books that had been lost on account of the war. It makes no claim that he canonized anything, or in any way set a limit to the num­ ber of sacred books.

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