By Ronald A. Reis
Teeming with a inhabitants of 3.5 million on the finish of the nineteenth century, the island of ny could not meet the city's call for for swift transit with its horse-drawn trolleys and increased teach strains. ny urban wanted a subway process. After 4 years of digging and diverting miles of utilities and tunneling less than the Harlem River, the city's citizens celebrated a brand new period in mass transit on October 27, 1904, with the outlet of a nine-mile subway direction. within the century to come back, the recent York subway might develop and extend to a approach that runs 24 hours an afternoon, seven days per week, with 6,400 automobiles, 468 stations, an everyday ridership of 4.5 million, and 842 miles of music - longer than the space from ny to Chicago. Politics, graffiti, and incredible building demanding situations mixed to make the development and working of the hot York subway procedure one of many America's maximum civic undertakings.
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Additional resources for The New York City Subway System (Building America: Then and Now)
To 1 2:15 A . , and Moscow from 6:00 A . M. to 1 :00 A . M. No other system c an match New York’s — its trains r un 24 hours a d ay, 7 d ays a we ek, 52 weeks a year . In N ew York, one c an alwa ys c atch a r ide, d ay or nig ht. Of c ourse, t he num ber of N ew Y ork Su bway r iders v aries dr amatically t hroughout a 2 4-hour p eriod. B etween 2 :00 A . M. an d 3 :00 A . M. on a t ypical we ekday, t he system a verages o nly 6 p ersons p er c ar. B etween 7:00 A . M. an d 8:00 A . ” D uring t he evenin g rush hour ( beginning at 4 :00 P.
M. an d 3 :00 A . M. on a t ypical we ekday, t he system a verages o nly 6 p ersons p er c ar. B etween 7:00 A . M. an d 8:00 A . ” D uring t he evenin g rush hour ( beginning at 4 :00 P. ), t he num ber r ises a gain, to 6 8 p er car, but not to the morning rush hour number of 85 persons. It s eems that many New Yorkers, ha ving completed a har d day’s wor k, c hoose to stay in tow n and enjoy t he ci ty’s p leasures , t aking t he su bway ho me at a later time . Outward Bound Lower and middle Manhattan were not neglected as a result of the subway’s northern advance, however.
T he f rst M ARTA t rains b egan to r un o n June 3 0, 1979. Actual M ARTA su bway c onstruction c ommenced in 1 980, an d t he f rst l ine op ened t wo year s later , in S eptember 1982. 48 km) of t rack. E xpansion of t he system c ontinued in t he 1990s, w hen a hea vy c onstruction p rogram wa s b egun in antici pation of t he 1 996 O lympic G ames. As wi th B oston’s su bway system , M ARTA in t he 1 990s fo cused o n its t ransit’s l ink to c ommunity d evelopment t hrough a T ransit O riented Development, or T OD, p rogram.