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By Subha Xavier

The expression "littérature migrante," coined through Québécois critics within the mid-1980s, mirrored the rising physique of literary works written through contemporary immigrants to the province. Redefining the idea that of migrancy, Subha Xavier’s The Migrant textual content argues that worldwide activities of individuals have essentially replaced literary creation during the last thirty years. Bringing jointly a corpus of contemporary novels via immigrants to France and Quebec, Xavier means that those different works expand past labels corresponding to francophone or postcolonial literature to forge a brand new mode of writing that merits acceptance by itself phrases. Weaving jointly literary idea and salient examples taken from a number of French-language novels, The Migrant textual content indicates how either exterior and inner components form migrant writing in modern French literature. the hole chapters hint the elusive notion of the migrant because it appears to be like in extant theories of nationalism, postcolonialism, global literature, and francophonie. What follows are incisive analyses of fiction written for French audiences through authors from Algeria, Cameroon, China, Haiti, Iraq, and Poland, whose works show that the tactics of troubling nationwide different types and evading colonial energy dynamics will be wellsprings for creativity. probably the most urgent social and political subject matters of our day, immigration demanding situations our principles approximately place of birth and citizenship. Celebrating the braveness and tenacity of immigrants from around the globe, The Migrant textual content carves a brand new house for discussing the dynamics of world literature.

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Extra info for The Migrant Text: Making and Marketing a Global French Literature

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She goes on to cite Rousseau, Bernadin de Saint Pierre, and Châteaubriand as inspired by the type of versatility championed by Goethe in the German tradition: "Sa poésie prend facilement la couleur des contrées étrangères; il saisit avec un talent unique ce qui plaît dans les chansons nationales de chaque peuple. Il devient, quand il le veut, un Grec, un Indien, un Morlaque" (19°6,49). ] Even so, De Staël's chief concern remains the sovereignty of French literature. She repeatedly cautions against Ïtllitation (19°6,20-1,25), confident of French superiority where taste and style are concerned (Blankenagel 1925, 148).

Similarly, Haitian-Canadian writer Dany Laferrière, whose many novels include Commentfaire l'amour avec un nègre sans se fatiguer (1985), Éroshima (1987), and L'Odeur du café (1991), inflects his prose with references to Haitian, African-American, and Quebecois culture, polidcs, and history - flirting with national allegiances that span the entire North American continent and beyond. To account for the growing number of immigrant authors and playwrights moving away from nationalist tropes and exploring new relationships to culture and language in Quebec, critic Robert BerrouëtOriol devised the term littérature migrante in 1986 to account for what he called "le caractère apatride" [the stateless character] of this new literature.

In the decade that followed, the provincial government began taking a variety of linguistic and cultural measures to ensure the integration of irnmigrants into Francophone rather than Anglophone communities of Quebec. In other words, by the late 1960s, the Quebec government faced an increasing influx of immigrants and a dire need to devise legislative policy to protect the viability of its daims to national sovereignty. The most recent phase of mass migration to France goes back to the period from 1950-1974, a time frame that coincides with decolonization, independence, and a deficit in France's blue collar workforce that led to an open-do or immigration policy.

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