Download The Light of Nature: Essays in the History and Philosophy of by J. D. North, J. J. Roche (auth.), J. D. North, J. J. Roche PDF

By J. D. North, J. J. Roche (auth.), J. D. North, J. J. Roche (eds.)

This quantity of essays is intended as a tribute to Alistair Crombie by means of a few of those that have studied with him. The celebration of its e-book is his seven­ tieth birthday - four November 1985. Its contents are a mirrored image - or so it really is was hoping - of his personal pursuits, and so they point out while his effect on topics he has pursued for a few 40 years. Born in Brisbane, Australia, Alistair Cameron Crombie took a primary measure in zoology on the collage of Melbourne in 1938, and then he moved to Je­ sus collage, Cambridge. There he took a doctorate within the similar topic (with a dissertation on inhabitants dynamics - foreshadowing a later curiosity within the background of Darwinism) in 1942. by way of this time he had taken up a examine place with the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries within the Cambridge Zoological l. a.­ boratory, a place he left in 1946, while he moved to a lectureship within the his­ tory and philosophy of technology at college collage, London. H. G. Andrewa­ ka and L. C. Birch, in a survey of the background of insect ecology (R. F. Smith, et al. , heritage of Entomology, 1973), realize the significance of the works of Crombie (with which they couple the sooner paintings of Gause) because the vital sti­ mulus for the good curiosity taken in interspecific pageant within the mid 194Os.

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Dube, Poor Man's Physician, pp. 309, 272. See Cipolla, Public Health, pp. 109-114 on therapeutic nihilism. MEDICINE FOR THE POOR 43 bins) who kept up with current ideas by subscribing to this bi-monthly journal of book reviews and articles on learned, especially scientific, topics. Dodart's article was cited by natural philosophers outside France and by eighteenthcentury academicians. 12 These works by Dodart and Dube are important for several reasons. Dodart was probably the first to assert in print the connection between ergot and ergotism; his article also represents a rare public statement by the Academy of Sciences about its sense of social responsibility.

The elder Hunauld had been influenced in Paris by the radical Theophraste Renaudot, who gave public lectures on medicine and gave away medicines until his clinic, called the Bureau d' Adresse, was closed by the conservative Parisian medical faculty. 38 ALICE STROUP Academie Royale des Sciences. Founded in 1666 to increase scientific knowledge, honor the king, and benefit the kingdom, the Academy embarked on a research program which embodied a dual commitment characteristic of the time, not only to observe and explain nature but also to look for the practical applications of such knowledge.

13 Dube argued that wealthy individuals, magistrates, and the king should find work for the poor. He went one step beyond La Rochefoucauld, who said that "Bodily toil frees us from mental troubles, and that is what makes the poor happy". DuM believed that bodily toil also kept the poor healthy. Like John Ray, who thought "it more charity to employ poor people, and give them money for their work, than to distribute [an] estate among them freely, and suffer them to live in idleness", Dube argued that the poor who were "educated to Labour" owed it to their families, their health, and the "Commonweal" to find appropriate work.

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