By Steven Crowell
Existentialism exerts a continuous fascination on scholars of philosophy and common readers. As a philosophical phenomenon, although, it is usually poorly understood, as a sort of radical subjectivism that turns its again on cause and argumentation and possesses the entire liabilities of philosophical idealism yet with none idealistic conceptual readability. during this quantity of unique essays, the 1st to be dedicated completely to existentialism in over 40 years, a workforce of distinct commentators talk about the guidelines of Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty and Beauvoir and exhibit how their specialize in lifestyles presents a compelling viewpoint on modern matters in ethical psychology and philosophy of brain, language and background. one more series of chapters examines the impact of existential principles past philosophy, in literature, faith, politics and psychiatry. the quantity deals a wealthy and complete evaluate of the ongoing power of existentialism as a philosophical circulation and a cultural phenomenon.
Read Online or Download The Cambridge Companion to Existentialism PDF
Best existentialism books
In quantity 1 of this three-volume paintings, Paul Ricoeur tested the family members among time and narrative in historic writing. Now, in quantity 2, he examines those family in fiction and theories of literature.
Ricoeur treats the query of simply how a long way the Aristotelian idea of "plot" in narrative fiction could be multiplied and even if there's a aspect at which narrative fiction as a literary shape not just blurs on the edges yet ceases to exist in any respect. although a few semiotic theorists have proposed all fiction should be lowered to an atemporal constitution, Ricoeur argues that fiction relies on the reader's knowing of narrative traditions, which do evolve yet unavoidably comprise a temporal size. He seems to be at how time is de facto expressed in narrative fiction, quite via use of tenses, perspective, and voice. He applies this method of 3 books which are, in a feeling, stories approximately time: Virgina Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway; Thomas Mann's Magic Mountain; and Marcel Proust's Remembrance of items Past.
"Ricoeur writes the simplest form of philosophy—critical, affordable, and transparent. "—Eugen Weber, long island instances booklet Review
"A significant paintings of literary idea and feedback less than the aegis of philosophical hermenutics. i think that . . . it's going to come to have an effect more than that of Gadamer's fact and Method—a paintings it either vitamins and transcends in its contribution to our knowing of the which means of texts and their courting to the area. "—Robert Detweiler, faith and Literature
"One can't fail to be inspired via Ricoeur's encyclopedic wisdom of the topic into consideration. . . . To scholars of rhetoric, the significance of Time and Narrative . . . is all too obtrusive to require large elaboration. "—Dilip Parameshwar Gaonkar, Quarterly magazine of Speech
Note: I'd say this can be simply some of the most very important books I've learn within the final decade. tough examining, yet definitely worth the endurance. Recommended.
Converted from the retail AZW3 addition.
Existentialism: An creation presents an obtainable and scholarly advent to the middle rules of the existentialist culture. Kevin Aho attracts on a variety of existentialist thinkers in chapters centering at the key topics of freedom, being-in-the-world, alienation, nihilism, anxiousness and authenticity.
A who is who of Sartre students give a contribution to a set of multidisciplinary views from sociology, faith, and bioethics, on a hitherto ignored quarter of Sartre's philosophy.
Why needs to we think that God is useless? do we settle for that conventional morality is simply a 'useful mistake'? Did the main of 'the will to energy' result in the Holocaust? What are the constraints of clinical wisdom? Is human evolution entire or simply starting? it's tricky to overestimate the significance of Friedrich Nietzsche for our current epoch.
- A Guide to Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception (Marquette Studies in Philosophy)
- A Happy Death
- Existentialism and alienation in American literature
- Sartre on the Body
- Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre
Extra resources for The Cambridge Companion to Existentialism
23 and, as the evidence of life strongly suggests, if you destroy the brain you destroy the consciousness. However, this is not to say that consciousness is just brain activity; that consciousness is reducible to brain activity. When you see a certain area of neurons lit up and active on a brain scanner you are not seeing a person’s thoughts. All you know is that these neurons become active when he thinks of cream cakes and desires them. And if you delved into his brain you would not find his thoughts of distant mountains or his expectation of travelling there soon, and certainly you would not find a little picture of mountains inside his skull.
It now belongs to the Other for whom he has become an obscene object. What is Existentialism? 43 In catching him in the act the Other has caught his freedom and is at liberty to judge him as he pleases, to inflict meanings upon him – voyeur, pervert, dirty old man, fellow connoisseur. It must always be kept in mind when considering being-for-others that a person is Other for the Other and is therefore able to alienate the freedom of the Other in turn by transcending his transcendence. Controversially, existentialist philosophers tend to characterize human relationships as a ceaseless power struggle for domination and transcendence, arguing that the basis of all human relationships is conflict.
No worries. Move on. I’m sure you’ll get the general gist. The brain is more like the stomach than people think. It needs time to digest things and it may well be that the general gist will come to you later on when you’ve put What is Existentialism? 47 this book down, when you are out jogging, eating your supper or watching TV. The general gist of a thing often comes to me when I’m in the shower, not the most convenient place if I want to make notes. Interestingly, it’s often when we get right away from pens, paper and books that we do our best thinking.