Albert Camus is among the iconic figures of twentieth-century French literature, one in all France's most generally learn smooth literary authors and one of many youngest winners of the Nobel Prize for Literature. because the writer of L'Etranger and the architect of the thought of 'the Absurd' within the Nineteen Forties, he shot to prominence in France and past. His paintings however attracted hostility in addition to acclaim and he was once more and more drawn into sour political controversies, specifically the problem of France's position and position within the nation of his beginning, Algeria. such a lot lately, postcolonial reports have pointed out in his writings a suite of preoccupations ripe for revisitation. Situating Camus in his cultural and old context, this 2007 significant other explores his best-selling novels, his ambiguous engagement with philosophy, his theatre, his more and more high-profile paintings as a journalist and his mirrored image on moral and political questions that proceed to main issue readers today.
Table of Contents
Introduction Edward J. Hughes
Part I. Biography and Influences:
1. Camus: a existence lived in severe occasions Ieme van der Poel
2. Situating Camus: the formative affects Toby Garfitt
3. Autobiographical soundings in L'Envers et l'Endroit Edward J. Hughes
Part II. issues, Preoccupations and Genres:
4. Rethinking the absurd: Le Mythe de Sisyphe David Carroll
5. Camus and the theatre Christine Margerrison
6. Camus the journalist Jeanyves Guerin
7. Camus and social justice Martin Crowley
8. Violence and ethics in Camus Colin Davis
9. Camus and Sartre: the nice quarrel Charles Forsdick
10. pics of ladies, visions of Algeria Danielle Marx-Scouras
Part III. Texts and Contexts:
11. From Noces to L'Etranger Peter Dunwoodie
12. Layers of that means in los angeles Peste Margaret E. Gray
13. Withheld id in los angeles Chute David Ellison
14. Le most advantageous Homme and the literature of loss Debra Kelly
Postface Edward J. Hughes
Guide to extra reading
Read Online or Download The Cambridge Companion to Camus PDF
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Extra resources for The Cambridge Companion to Camus
He had made friends with Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir, as well as with his editor, Gaston Gallimard, and had also become involved with the world of theatre. On 21 August 1944, Combat 19 i e m e va n d e r p o e l celebrated the Liberation of France with a leading article, ‘De la R´esistance a` la R´evolution’ (‘From Resistance to Revolution’), written by Camus. 7 Nevertheless, Combat had to operate under various restrictions. Printing paper was scarce and censorship continued, since the war in Europe had not yet ended.
By the age of sixteen, in the classe de premi`ere, he was beginning to explore outside the school syllabus, and that was the year his uncle Gustave Acault lent him Andr´e Gide’s Les Nourritures terrestres (Fruits of the Earth). Gide’s lyrical celebration of heady, sensual pleasure did not immediately speak to him. ‘A Alger, a` seize ans, j’´etais satur´e de ces richesses; j’en souhaitais d’autres, sans doute’ (Ess, 1117) (‘In Algiers, at sixteen, I was saturated with these riches; no doubt I was looking for something else’).
Le monde d’aujourd’hui est un dialogue M(alraux) G(renier)’ (C ii, 214) (‘The world of today is a dialogue between M(alraux) and G(renier)’): when Camus jotted down this observation in 1947, it was not new to him. Already in 1934, according to Olivier Todd,12 he had identified two visions of the world, represented by Grenier and Malraux. He was well aware that the communists, with whom Malraux was closely associated, put man at the centre, while the Oriental philosophers saw ‘the all’ at the centre, with man round the edge.