By Bertrand Russell
Featuring seminal paintings within the philosophies of arithmetic and language, this finished and assiduously edited assortment additionally makes on hand his provocative and debatable perspectives on faith and diplomacy.
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Extra resources for The Basic Writings of Bertrand Russell (Routledge Classics)
There was, it is true, Bismarck, whom I was taught to consider a rascal; but it was thought that the civilizing inﬂuences of Goethe and Schiller would prevent the Germans from being permanently led into wrong paths by this uncivilized farmer.
Everyone agrees that ‘the golden mountain does not exist’ is a true proposition. But it has, apparently, a subject, ‘the golden mountain’, and if this subject did not designate some object, the proposition would seem to be meaningless. Meinong inferred that there is a golden mountain, which is golden and a mountain, but does not exist. He even thought that the existent golden mountain is existent, but does not exist. This did not satisfy me, and the desire to avoid Meinong’s unduly populous realm of being led me to the theory of descriptions.
My grandfather was born in the early days of the French Revolution and was in Parliament while Napoleon was still Emperor. As a Whig who followed Fox, he thought the English hostility to the French Revolution and Napoleon excessive, and he visited the exiled Emperor in Elba. It was he who, in 1832, introduced the Reform Bill which started England on the road towards democracy. He was Prime Minister during the Mexican War and during the revolutions of 1848. In common with the whole Russell family, he inherited the peculiar brand of aristocratic liberalism which characterized the Revolution of 1688 in which his ancestor played an important part.