By Peter Kulchyski, Frank Tester
Among 1939 and 1963, the government launched into a software of relocation and reduction within the japanese Arctic that may dramatically modify the lives of Inuit dwelling there. This booklet records how the improvement of the Canadian welfare kingdom coincided with makes an attempt to assimilate Inuit and arrange their lives in response to Western principles concerning the kinfolk, paintings, and group. This coverage led to many ‘tammarniit’ (mistakes) that ended in social disruption and cultural disintegration, or even contributed to dying between Inuit.
The authors have made large use of archival records, lots of that have been unavailable to researchers ahead of, between them the Alex Stevenson assortment, which used to be saved within the files of the Northwest Territories. they've got additionally interviewed many key people who have been concerned with occasions through the interval. the result's a compelling and sobering examine the evolution of Canadian coverage within the North and its tragic results on Inuit.
Tammarniit is key studying for a person occupied with present-day debates approximately self-government for aboribinal humans. via rigorously exmaining the relationships between financial and social welfare issues, Canadian cultural biases, in addition to administrative and political issues, Tammarniit presents a finished evaluate of policymaking in this interval in addition to perception into the subjects of resistance and renewal that have emerged between Inuit.
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Additional info for Tammarniit (Mistakes): Inuit Relocation in the Eastern Arctic, 1939-63
We have not dealt with the construction of the DEW Line, the establishment of Frobisher Bay as a regional centre, the development of education and health delivery apparatuses, or the evolution of territorial governmental forms. Some of these topics are dealt with in other texts. Our approach was to use events to illustrate patterns of decision-making, control, and power relations. Although totalization appears inexorable, particularly in the guise of progress, the process is carried by historical agents who may be insecure and indecisive, or who lack Introduction knowledge, resources, or skills.
B. Bennett's strategy for dealing with the depression by drastically reducing federal expenditures was felt by government departments. The federal government no longer wanted to assume the cost of administering relief in Arctic Quebec. It wanted Quebec to assume the full responsibility for providing relief to Quebec Inuit. On 17 March 1931, the minister of the interior wrote to the premier of Quebec requesting he begin to pay relief accounts directly. Quebec refused and the two parties squabbled over it for the next year.
They no longer have the admirable independence of the aboriginal Eskimo, having degenerated until they are little more than slaves of the trade posts. ' The reference to this group in this 23 24 Tammamiit (Mistakes) 1938 memo as 'good subjects for any experiment' is ominous in light of future events, particularly the relocation of Inuit to the high Arctic in 1953. Referring to the Inuit north of Fort George, the report noted: They draw far too heavily on the store rations which are as in other areas, very poorly balanced.