By Harro Maat (auth.)
Science Cultivating Practice is an institutional heritage of agricultural technology within the Netherlands and its out of the country territories. the point of interest of this examine is the diversity of perspectives a few right courting among technology and (agricultural) perform. Such perspectives and plans materialised within the total agency of analysis and schooling. additionally, the publication offers case experiences of genetics and plant breeding within the Netherlands, colonial rice breeding, and agricultural facts. principles affected the business enterprise up to the opposite direction around. the internet consequence used to be an institutional improvement during which the values of educational technology have been rated larger than the values of perform.
This publication is a particular piece of labor because it treats the dynamics of technological know-how in a ecu in addition to in a colonial context. those diversified ecological and social environments result in different kinds of data and experimentation in addition to alternative routes of establishing science.
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Additional resources for Science Cultivating Practice: A History of Agricultural Science in the Netherlands and its Colonies, 1863–1986
Agricultural historians have pointed out that innovation in agriculture was much more a long term development than a revolutionary change, stemming from farm experience moving through Europe by all sorts of travelling 'agents'. 3 Moreover, it is questionable whether the influence of these men on agriculture is based on their erudition in the subject or because of their social and political position. In the case of Arthur Young, for example, the latter seems more likely than 1 Stuurman, Wacht op Onze Daden, 55-93.
32 Most of Reinwardt's taxonomic work was put down on paper by his successor, Carl Ludwig Blume, another German, who arrived on Java in 1822. Blume published the first catalogue of the Botanic Garden and his arrival also was the occasion to formulate some new regulations. The main objective of the garden was the collection of plants, especially those with remarkable or useful features. Furthermore, exotic plants were to be grown in order to see whether they could be cultivated on Java. Exotic means (in this context) the other islands of the archipelago as well as China, Japan, etc.
Sugar cane needs a lot of irrigation water, was mostly grown on sawahs and therefore was a direct competitor of rice. The Culture System and the inadequate control of the food market resulted in several severe famines in different regions of Java during the 1840s. The colonial government reacted on those famines with massive purchases of paddy from abroad, but the lack of influence on local rice trade made it not a very effective relief measure. From the late 1850s criticism rose on the Culture System.