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By Chunlin Zhang, Douglas Zhihua Zeng, William Peter Mako, James Seward

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Extra resources for Promoting Enterprise-led Innovation in China (Directions in Development) (Directions in Development, Countries and Regions)

Sample text

In an informal survey covering 299,995 Chinese industrial enterprises for the period 2004–06, the NBS found that 53 percent of the large enterprises, 86 percent of the medium-sized ones, and 96 percent of small ones did not engage in continuous R&D activities. As a result, the overall capacity for technology creation by domestically funded Chinese enterprises is weak despite the presence of some catch-up momentum. The problem can be seen in part in the relatively low share of invention in total patents granted by the Chinese State Intellectual Property Office in comparison with foreign firms.

The conversion process has created some successful innovative enterprises. b In 1998, the academy established its flagship business company, Datang Telecommunication, and conducted an initial public offering of stock (IPO) in that company. The academy itself was transformed into a business holding company, with its business arms organized into a conglomerate known as the Datang Telecom Technology and Industry Group. 1 (Continued) Also in the late 1990s, the government identified a group of RDIs that it said could not be expected to be self-sufficient.

A uniform dividend rate leaves too much free cash to firms that do not have much potential for innovation and growth and too little to those that do. In particular, given the limited role that the Chinese capital market can play in financing R&D, SOEs that engage in high-risk innovation activities may run into financial trouble when a uniform dividend rate becomes high.

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