By Ladan Mahoobi, Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development
This file contributes to the dissemination of knowledge on OECD privatisation tools and methods. It essentially attracts upon details that has gathered through the process the lifetime of the OECD Privatisation community and its outreach task. It additionally makes use of details from the Advisory crew on Privatisation, from case examples and from member nations. This document makes a speciality of the implementation points of privatisation within the OECD adventure.
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Extra resources for Privatising State-Owned Enterprises: An Overview of Policies and Practices in Oecd Countries
The government often relies on the cooperation of the company in order to ensure that the company is successfully prepared for sale and transition to the private sector, especially when the sale is to be preceded by major restructuring. Given the important role 58 of the SOEs in privatisation, often new leadership with private sector skills and a strong commitment to privatisation has been put in place to bring about the necessary changes and to lead the company during its transition to the private sector.
SOEs have their own vested interests and the SOE control of the process could potentially lead to a situation where the SOE and government objectives are inconsistent with each other. An obvious example is where the government is seeking to create a competitive market environment while the company management often favours less competition rather than more. For this reason it is important to ensure that the company management is committed to seeing privatisation through and that the SOE does not control the process.
Relatively few OECD countries have adopted this approach. One of the main drawbacks of the decentralised model is that it does not build on experience nor does it create a focal point for investors to deal with the government. g. where introducing competition is an important policy objective). Furthermore, where SOEs essentially control themselves privatisation may encounter several bottlenecks. For example, investors may try to by-pass the institutional framework, open the process to lobbying, undermine government control and create inconsistencies between the approaches of different parts of the government.