By L. A. Staehelin (auth.), Professor L. Andrew Staehelin, Professor Charles J. Arntzen (eds.)
The Encyclopedia of Plant body structure sequence has grew to become a number of occasions to the subject of photosynthesis. within the unique sequence, volumes edited by means of A. PIRSON and released in 1960 supplied a wide evaluation of the total box. even if the recent sequence has committed 3 volumes to an analogous subject, the final breadth of the assurance has needed to be limited to permit for higher in-depth therapy of 3 significant parts of recent photosynthesis study: I. Photosynthetic Elec tron shipping and Photophosphorylation (Volume five edited through A. TREBST and M. AvRON, and released in 1977); II. Photosynthetic Carbon Metabolism and similar techniques (Volume 6 edited via M. GIBBS and E. LATZKO, and released in 1979); and III. Photosynthetic Membranes and Light-Harvesting platforms (this volume). As we approached the association of the present quantity, we selected a suite of themes for assurance that will supplement the sooner volumes, in addition to offer updates of parts that experience noticeable significant advances in recent times. moreover, we would have liked to stress the subsequent alterations within the examine of photograph artificial structures that have develop into more and more very important on the grounds that 1977: the craze towards elevated integration of biochemical and biophysical techniques to review photosynthetic membranes and light-harvesting platforms, and a renewed appreciation of the structural parameters of membrane organization.
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Additional info for Photosynthesis III: Photosynthetic Membranes and Light Harvesting Systems
1977; KAPLAN and ARNTZEN 1982). The main difference seems to lie in the variability of diameter and the regularity of arrangement of the stacked membrane regions. In Chlamydomonas there appears to be only a limited amount of regular arrangement; the thylakoids come together and move apart in an irregular manner. The thylakoids of Nitella (Characeae), on the other hand, often display an organization similar to higher plants with aligned stacks of thylakoids forming grana that are interconnected through typical, single stroma thylakoids.
Also indicated is a quinone electron transport cycle, or Q cycle, which causes the translocation of one additional proton for every two electrons passing through the linear electron transport chain. Protons deposited within the thylakoid lumen exit through the proton-translocating CF 0 -CF 1 A TP synthetase complex. Light-harvesting pigment-protein complexes (LHC) serve both photosystems; these preferentially associate with either PSI or PS II and are designated LHC I or LHC II, respectively. One population of the LHC II is mobile and can serve either PSI or PS II by traveling laterally between the stroma lamellae (enriched in PSI centers) and grana stacks (enriched in PS II).
MILLER and HoLT 1977), phosphorous starvation (STEVENS et al. 1981 b), and iron starvation (HARDIE et al. 1983). , BISALPUTRA 1974) have claimed that the thylakoids of cyanobacteria can be physically continuous with the cytoplasmic membrane, as is the case for nonoxygenic purple bacteria (see SPRAGUE and VARGA, Chap. 1, this VoL). A. STAEHELIN: Fig. 13. Negatively stained, isolated phycobilisomes (a) and phycobilisome cores (b) from wild-type Synechocystis 6701 (cyanobacterium). The core consists of a triangular array of circular complexes to which rods of stacked disc elements are attached on one side.