By Gorden Videen, Yaroslav Yatskiv, Michael Mishchenko
Photopolarimetric distant sensing is essential in fields as varied as scientific diagnostics, astrophysics, atmospheric technology, environmental tracking and army intelligence. The components thought of right here contain: radiative move; dynamic platforms; backscatter polarization; organic platforms; astrophysical phenomena; comets; and instrumentation. Subtopics contain observational details together with making a choice on morphology and chemistry, light-scattering types, and characterization methodologies. whereas this introductory textual content highlights the newest advances during this multi-disciplinary subject, it's also a reference consultant for the complex researcher.
Read or Download Photopolarimetry in Remote Sensing: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, held in Yalta, Ukraine, 20 September - 4 October 2003 (NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry) PDF
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Additional info for Photopolarimetry in Remote Sensing: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, held in Yalta, Ukraine, 20 September - 4 October 2003 (NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry)
Appl. Opt. 41, 7114–7134. M. I. Mishchenko (2003). Microphysical approach to polarized radiative transfer: extension to the case of an external observation point. Appl. Opt. 42, 4963– 4967. J. Clerk Maxwell (1891). A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism (Clarendon Press, Oxford) (reprinted by Dover, New York, 1954). H. Poincaré (1892). Théorie Mathématique de la Lumière, Vol. 2 (Georges Carré, Paris). 44 M. I. MISHCHENKO AND L. D. TRAVIS 22. E. Whittaker (1987). A History of the Theories of Aether and Electricity, Vols.
I. MISHCHENKO AND L. D. 18) aϕ sin δ ϕ = a sin β cos δ sin ζ − a cos β sin δ cos ζ . 17) Squaring and adding Eqs. 17) and Eqs. 20) = a (sin β sin ζ + cos β cos ζ ). 21) aϕ2 2 2 2 2 2 Multiplying Eqs. 18) and Eqs. 19) and adding yields aθ aϕ cos ∆ = − 12 a 2 cos 2 β sin 2ζ . 22) Similarly, multiplying Eqs. 18) and Eqs. 19) and subtracting gives aθ aϕ sin ∆ = − 12 a 2 sin 2 β . 23) Comparing Eqs. 6) with Eqs. 24) Q = − I cos 2 β cos 2ζ , U = I cos 2 β sin 2ζ , V = − I sin 2 β . 27) I = 1 2 The parameters of the polarization ellipse are thus expressed in terms of the Stokes parameters as follows.
9) with P(0) = P. A retarder is an optical element that changes the phase of the beam by causing a phase shift of + ζ 2 along the θ - axis and a phase shift of − ζ 2 along the ϕ - axis (Fig. 3). 12) where é1 ê0 R (ζ ) = ê ê0 ê0 ë 0 0 1 0 0 cos ζ 0 − sin ζ 0 ù 0 ú ú sin ζ ú cos ζ úû is the Mueller matrix of the retarder. 13) MAXWELL EQUATIONS, EM WAVES, & STOKES PARAMETERS 37 Consider now the optical path shown in Fig. 4. The beam of light goes through a retarder and a rotated ideal perfect linear polarizer and then impinges on the surface of a polarization-insensitive detector.