By Sarah E. Croco
Why perform a little leaders remain in wars they're not going to win? Why do different leaders provide in to their adversaries' calls for while persevered struggling with continues to be attainable? Peace at What rate? strives to reply to those questions by means of delivering a brand new theoretical idea: chief culpability. Culpable leaders - those that should be credibly associated with the choice to contain the country within the battle - face a considerably larger probability of household punishment in the event that they fail to win a conflict than nonculpable leaders who do an identical. therefore, culpable leaders will prosecute wars very another way from their non-culpable opposite numbers. using a large-N research and case illustrations, the book's findings problem the traditional knowledge concerning the courting among struggle results and chief elimination and exhibit the need of taking a look at person chief attributes, rather than collapsing leaders by means of regime variety. The publication additionally deals new insights on democracies at struggle and speaks to the yankee event within the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan
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Additional resources for Peace at what price? : leader culpability and the domestic politics of war termination
Citizens evaluate culpable leaders by a different standard than they do nonculpable ones, and culpable leaders behave differently than their nonculpable counterparts. In Chapter 5, I explore whether these findings hold for political actors outside of the executive branch by investigating whether culpable politicians within the legislature behave differently than their nonculpable colleagues in terms of voting on bills that challenge the Iraq war. Once again, culpability has strong effect. This chapter also explores how culpability affects voters’ attitudes on the campaign trail by exploring several examples of culpable leaders who faced reelection when the war in Iraq was deeply unpopular.
2 A Theory of Leader Culpability Chapter 1 established two puzzles. First, why do some leaders continue fighting wars they seem destined to lose while other leaders accede to the adversary’s demands when further resistance is possible? Second, why do domestic audiences punish some leaders who fail to secure victory in conflict yet spare others who preside over similarly unfavorable outcomes? The answer to both of these questions, I argued, centers on a leader’s culpability for the conflict. The remainder of this chapter develops a theory of leader culpability, and demonstrates why distinguishing leaders based on their culpability is critical to understanding not only war termination decisions but also wartime domestic political dynamics.
While this does not allow them to monitor the leader perfectly, their relative advantage in this regard, in combination with their ability to sanction the leader quickly, leaves the leader with less room to be unfaithful. In democratic states the opposite is true. Because the relevant domestic audience is much larger, most members will have neither direct access to the leader nor a detailed understanding of the problems the leader must solve. Their ability to monitor and evaluate the leader effectively, therefore, is greatly reduced.