By William J. Matthews
Nearly a decade in the past i started making plans this e-book with the aim of summarizing the prevailing physique of information on ecology of freshwater fishes in a manner just like that of H. B. N. Hynes' accomplished treatise Ecology of working Waters for streams. The time appeared acceptable, as there have been a number of fresh volumes that synthesized a lot details on more than a few issues vital in fish ecology, from biogeographic to neighborhood scales. for instance, the "Fish Atlas" (Lee et aI. , 1980) had supplied diversity maps and easy access to the unique literature for all freshwater fishes in North the US, and in 1986 Hocutt and Wiley's Zoogeography of North American Fishes supplied an in depth synthesis of almost every thing recognized approximately distributional ecology of fishes on that continent. Tim Berra (1981) had summarized in handy map shape the global distribution of all freshwater fish households, and Joe Nelson's 1976 and 1984 versions of Fishes of the area had seemed. to enrich those "big photo" perspectives of fish distributions, the amount on neighborhood and Evolutionary Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes, edited by means of David Heins and myself (Matthews and Heins, 1987), had supplied a chance for greater than 30 members or teams to summarize their paintings on circulate fishes (albeit typically for warmwater systems).
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Additional resources for Patterns in Freshwater Fish Ecology
In the Luongo River, Africa, Balon and Stewart (1983) collected 5-27 species per site, with a strong influence oflongitudinal position in the system on the numbers of species-much as in temperate parts of the world. 2 species per site. Therefore, although tropical stream and lake systems clearly have the richest local fish assemblages on Earth, a great many localities within tropical systems appear to have, on average, no more, or not 36 / Patterns in Freshwater Fish Ecology many more, species in local assemblages than might be found in temperate regions of the world.
1985) tested the "Campostoma control algae" hypothesis in two ways: dividing a pool into grazed and nongrazed halves (with major differences in algal standing crop in a few days), and introduction of piscivorous largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) into a pool containing Campostoma but little algae. Emigration or refuging of Campostoma (because of bass threat) resulted in a few weeks in the establishment of dense algal growth in the pool. Subsequently, Power et al. , 1997). In addition, Vaughn et al.
0\ ..... 5. 4, highlighting factors related to (A) zoogeography or deep-past evolution, (B) local phenomena, (C) ecology of individual species, and (D) local biotic interactions between fish species. ~--~ A Zoogeography & "Deep" Evolution ..... 5. C Autecology - Single Species (Non-interactive) -- Continued. w. 6. Progressively more localized "screens" to occurrence of fishes in local assemblages. [From Smith and Powell (1971)]. ) Under zoogeography and "deep-past" evolution, I consider questions about geological phenomena, river basin boundaries, historical biogeography, glaciation, and the history of the evolution of major groups of fishes.