By Andrew D. Yablon
This publication is an up to date remedy of optical fiber fusion splicing incorporating all of the fresh thoughts within the box. It offers a toolbox of common options and particular concepts that the reader can follow whilst optimizing fusion splices among novel fibers. It in particular addresses issues vital for fusion splicing of latest distinctiveness fibers together with dispersion compensating fiber, erbium-doped achieve fiber, polarization preserving fiber, and microstructured fiber. ultimately, it discusses the way forward for optical fiber fusion splicing together with silica and non-silica dependent optical fibers in addition to the rage towards expanding automation. while serving as a self-contained reference paintings, considerable citations from the technical literature will allow readers to without problems find basic sources.
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Extra info for Optical Fiber Fusion Splicing
4 and 5). The stripping process is often the dominant factor controlling the ultimate tensile strength of the resulting splice, which in turn determines the long-term reliability of the splice (see Chap. 6). In this chapter we present a general introduction to optical ﬁber stripping, cleaving, and alignment technology applied to fusion splicing. More speciﬁc information is available in the numerous references cited throughout the chapter. 1 Stripping The fundamental motivation for stripping the coating from a ﬁber prior to fusion splicing is that the high temperatures experienced during joint formation will damage polymer coatings and possibly damage the heated portion of glass contacting the coating.
48]. Microstructured ﬁbers may very well ﬁll important new roles in ﬁber devices and might even serve as long-haul transmission ﬁber. These ﬁbers pose particularly unique and diﬃcult problems for fusion splicing. Commercialization of these ﬁbers will no doubt have a profound impact on the future evolution of fusion splicing technology. The future of optical ﬁber may very well lie with microstructured ﬁber or perhaps even non-silica based optical ﬁber, which pose even greater challenges. 8 Summary An optical ﬁber fusion splice is a permanent welded joint between two optical ﬁbers that exhibits minimal optical loss and reﬂectance with long-term reliability rivaling the ﬁbers themselves.
Some solvents, especially methylene chloride, can wick up long lengths of ﬁber causing the primary coating to separate from the glass. Although chemical stripping usually leaves no coating residue, a ﬁnal rinse step is necessary to ensure no solvent remains on the ﬁber. Depending on the stripping solvent, water, acetone, or alcohol are commonly employed as rinse agents. 4 Vaporization Stripping Techniques A number of vaporization stripping techniques have recently been developed and commercialized so they are viable alternatives to chemical and mechanical stripping.