By Harald Muller, Carmen Wunderlich
Recent experiences on multilateral palms keep an eye on are inclined to concentration totally on "structure," through which possibilities and constraints for motion are created. This quantity will pay equivalent realization to "agency," by which possibilities and constraints to supply swap or continue the established order are dealt with. In addition-and in larger intensity than in fresh studies-the quantity recognizes the strength of ethical and moral impulses (alongside such components as political, felony, and technological swap) within the evolution of hands keep an eye on norms.
The quantity starts with a glance on the constitution of regimes, on the conflicts living in those buildings, and on the dynamic methods within which those conflicts are labored out. The effect of extrinsic elements on norm dynamics is taken into account subsequent, together with technological swap and shifts in attitudes and tool buildings. Essays at the position of business enterprise in using norm switch finish the amount, with a specific specialize in norm entrepreneurship and the significance of acknowledging the competing justice claims surrounding norm-change efforts.
Contributors: Una Becker-Jakob, Alexis lower than, Marco Fey, Giorgio Franceschini, Andrea Hellmann, Gregor Hofmann, Friederike Klinke, Daniel Müller, Harald Müller, Franziska Plümmer, Carsten Rauch, Judith Reuter, Elvira Rosert, Annette Schaper, Hans-Joachim Schmidt, Tabea Seidler-Diekmann, Simone Wisotzki, Carmen Wunderlich.
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Extra info for Norm Dynamics in Multilateral Arms Control: Interests, Conflicts, and Justice
Revolutionaries tend to wish to invent the world anew. Standing outside of, and often opposed to, the established normative system, they want to turn the domestic norms upside down, and this usually has some consequences for their international interactions (Armstrong 1999). It is striking that since the American and French Revolutions, the norm of sovereignty has been challenged repeatedly and increasingly under the banner of individual rights and standards of good governance of which democracy has been the most important aspect (Sandholtz and Stiles 2009, 19–24).
Reasons of space, however, allow for a selective reference to statements only. References Albin, Cecilia. 2001. Justice and Fairness in International Negotiation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Armstrong, David. 1999. ”In Innovation in Diplomatic Practice, edited by Jan Melissen, 43–59. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Becker, Una, Harald Müller, and Simone Wisotzki. 2008. ” Security Studies 17 (4): 810–54. Booth, Ken, and Nicholas J. Wheeler. 2008. The Security Dilemma: Fear, Cooperation, and Trust in World Politics.
Recent approaches try to account for what happens with norms beyond the stage of their formal adoption and point to intrinsic sources of norm change. Such approaches hint at the ambiguity and interpretability common to language phenomena such as norms. In a similar vein, Liese traces the contestation of international human rights norms in national contexts after their formal acceptance and warns not to “[equate] the text of law with the meaning of norms” (2009, 37) but rather to deduce the latter from the discourse surrounding norm evolution (including stages after formal norm acceptance).