Download Moral nation : modern Japan and narcotics in global history by Miriam Kingsberg PDF

By Miriam Kingsberg

This trailblazing research examines the historical past of narcotics in Japan to provide an explanation for the improvement of worldwide standards for political legitimacy in countries and empires within the 19th and 20th centuries.

Japan underwent 3 targeted crises of sovereignty in its glossy heritage: within the Nineties, through the interwar interval, and within the Fifties. every one main issue provoked successively escalating crusades opposed to opium and different medications, during which ethical entrepreneurs--bureaucrats, cultural manufacturers, retailers, legislations enforcement, scientists, and medical professionals, between others--focused on drug use as a method of distinguishing among populations healthy and not worthy for self-rule. Moral Nation lines the instrumental function of ideologies approximately narcotics within the country's efforts to reestablish its legitimacy as a state and empire.

As Kingsberg demonstrates, Japan's turning out to be prestige as an Asian strength and a "moral state" elevated the inspiration of "civilization" from an completely Western price to a common one. students and scholars of eastern heritage, Asian experiences, global background, and international reports will achieve an in-depth knowing of ways Japan's event with narcotics inspired worldwide criteria for sovereignty and shifted the purpose of country construction, making it not a strictly political job but additionally an ethical legal responsibility to society.

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53 Quantification of the social problem of drug use fed demands for action to contain it, but the ideological entanglement 20 · moral crusade in meiji japan of opium and nationhood in Meiji Japan constrained policy choices. Although metropolitan leaders wished to encourage Japanese migration to Taiwan, the better to subjugate and extract resources from the island, they feared that local opium smokers might lead settlers astray. Immediately upon taking power, the colonial regime, known as the Office of the Governor-General (Taiwan So- tokufu), declared that any Taiwanese caught supplying drugs to Japanese army troops would be punished with death.

9 Oka abhorred the sight of public smoking in Shanghai and other treaty ports. He gazed in wonder at drug users who lay prone “as though sleeping . . as though drunk . . 10 With the exception of a few elites—like Oka, who could afford continental travel—the impressions of most Meiji-era Japanese regarding China were shaped at home by encounters with Qing migrants, either directly or through the media. Following the abrogation of Japan’s seclusion policy, Chinese accompanied Westerners as compradors, domestic servants, and translators to treaty ports throughout the archipelago.

Nonetheless, throughout the 1910s and 1920s, addiction mortality was significantly higher for Japanese than Chinese. 23 Moral entrepreneurs also distorted the occupational profile of the Dairen drug user community to fit preconceived notions of the “addict” as a Chinese coolie. Three studies provide information on jobs held by registered opium smokers at different moments of Japanese rule over the KLT. In 1927, licensed drug users numbered 31,176. The Kwantung Bureau classified them into fourteen occupational categories.

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