Download Judaism of the Second Temple Period: Volume 1, Qumran and by David Flusser PDF

By David Flusser

David Flusser was once a really prolific student of the useless Sea Scrolls, and his contributions to Scrolls examine, apocalypticism, and apocalyptic literature are inestimable. Now with this English translation of a lot of his essays, Flusser's insights can be found to a much broader viewers than ever earlier than. right here Flusser examines the impression of apocalypticism on numerous Jewish sects. He states that the lessons of Jesus, whereas reflecting at the start the perspectives of the sages, also are stimulated through Jewish apocalypticism. interpreting the Essenes, their impact on Hebrew language, the break up of sects, and masses extra, Flusser's accrued essays provide an incredible resource of research for any useless Sea Scrolls student.

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Additional info for Judaism of the Second Temple Period: Volume 1, Qumran and Apocalypticism

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In other words, their theology was forged in order to justify their sense of superiority, and their tendency to break off from Jewish society as a whole. And indeed, the scrolls repeatedly emphasize the chasm that lies between them and the rest of the Jewish people. The members of the Community are referred to as the chosen ones of God, while the rest of the Jewish people are sinners. But, according to the scrolls, the separatist tendency of the Sons of Light is not only a question of theoretical worldview, nor merely a way of distinguishing a political-religious group from the other factions of the day.

And when they have come into being, at their appointed time, they will execute all their works ac­ cording to his glorious design, without altering anything" ( IQS 3-15-16 ) . The starting point o f our analysis i s the dictum o f Rabbi Aqiva, cited above. According to his view, already the first human was given the choice be­ tween two ways - a choice subsequently given to each and every human be­ ing: the way of life or the way of death. We may hypothesize that this was the original version of the theological tractate in the Manual of Discipline, before the Essene editor reworked it to fit the doctrine of predestination.

Clearly this Melchizedek is described as playing a role very similar to that of the Messiah of the House of Aaron, except that Melchiztdek cannot be a scion to this house since he lived before Aaron. It is also evident that the super­ human descriptions of the eschatological priest in the scrolls and the Testa­ ment of Levi, and of Melchizedek in his eponymous scroll, are similar to the descriptions of the 'son of man' in the apocalyptic literature. ' This is doubly perplexing if we consider that John the Baptist, who was close to the Essenes, hoped for the advent of the 'son of man,' as the Gospels of Matthew and Luke plainly attest.

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