By Martin Griffiths
A superb compilation. The mini biographies during this e-book are an assertive precis of the lifetime of the authors and their works. all people attracted to having extra in-depth wisdom of the influential thinkers in global Politics must have this e-book. reliable for college kids and academics alike!
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Extra info for Fifty Key Thinkers in International Relations (Routledge Key Guides)
Ironically, however, his emphasis on the primacy of national interests and power balances may turn out to be more politically palatable in the United States today than when he was the architect of American foreign policy in the midst of the Cold War and Vietnam. Notes 1. Henry Kissinger, A World Restored: Metternich, Castlereagh and the Problems of Peace, 1812– 22, London, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1957, p. 317. 2. Henry Kissinger, White House Years, Boston, Little, Brown, 1979, p. 120. 3. Philip Windsor, ‘Henry Kissinger’s scholarly contribution’, British Journal of International Studies 1 (1975), p.
To summarise his views, he identifies two areas where the balance of power should be applied. In Europe, Russia and Germany are the powers that the United States needs to focus upon. The United States has an interest in ensuring that a united Germany and a resurgent Russia do not compete over the centre of the Europe, as they did in the first half of the century. This requires the continuation of the American presence in Europe and the enlargement of NATO to the east. In Asia, Kissinger argues that the United States must balance China against 29 KISSINGER Japan and help them to coexist despite their suspicion of each other.
He was criticised from the Right for his refusal to extend the process of ‘linkage’ to the Soviet Union’s respect for human rights within its own country. However, Kissinger argued that the United States should focus on Soviet foreign policy and subordinate issues such as Jewish emigration and the treatment of political prisoners to the more important quest for international stability as defined by him. Also, despite Kissinger’s attempt to centralise the control of American foreign policy in the White House, he had to confront a suspicious Congress increasingly intent on weakening executive power and autonomy.