Download Existence and Freedom: Towards an Ontology of Human Finitude by Calvin Schrag PDF

By Calvin Schrag

This e-book is a wonderful secondary resource to benefit extra approximately Kierkegaard and Heidegger. this article additionally dispels the various myths and misconceptions of existentialism.

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Extra resources for Existence and Freedom: Towards an Ontology of Human Finitude

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It is a phe nomenologica l d escription of the universal structures of historical existence. 85 Phe nom enolog ical existentialism overcomes historical relativi sm through The Hermeneutic of Existence / 17 disciplined analysis and descrip t ion of the structures of the historical i tself, rather than through an appeal to cosmological categories, which a could overcome relativism only at the expense of losing the historical by rcducing it to an extension of nature ( as is the case in the non-h i s torical I hi n king of Greek ra tionalism ) .

34 2. / THE EXISTENTIALIST CONCEPT OF WORLD Structural Analysis of the Environmental World phenomenon of wo rl d is disclosed in one of its manifesta­ tions as a s u rro u n di ng envi ronme nt inten tio na l l y related to the practical pro j ects of the ex isting Dasein. This s u rround i ng environment ( Umwelt ) is u n covered in man's everyday existence through the instrumentality of tools or uten s il s ( Zeug ) . The environment which is exi s ten ti ally proxi­ mate to Dasein is thus the envi ronment in th e modification of Zeugwelt.

This is what Heidegger means by a fundamental ontology which seeks for a disclosure of Being ( Sein ) . There also remains the task of relating the various areas of ontic investigation which deal with beings (Seiendes ) in their special concrete situations. This task is that of meta­ physics. Metaphysics seeks for a unifying perspective of the totality of that which concretely is. 1s The metaphysician has the task of pursuing the question of how Gestalt psychology, for example, is clarified by the existentialist analysis of the referential structure and bearing­ complex of being-in-the-world; of how the field theory of sub-atomic physics expresses an ontic level of the field conception of being-in-the­ world; of how the social theory of the self in sociology is an on tic mani­ festation of a universal determinant of Mitsein; of how concern as an "existential" defining the universally human is a clarification of an ulti­ mate theological concern about the holy.

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