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By Arthur W. Hummel

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Contributors comprise: ok. Biggerstaff, H. Dubs, J.K. Fairbank, Fang Chao-ying, L.C.Goodrich, Hu Shih, T.Numata, E. Swisher, Teng Ssu-yu, C.M. Wilbur, H. Wilhelm. Hummel’s biographical dictionary continues to be the only imperative reference software for chinese language historical past given that 1644. It was once first released in 1943–44. ‘The most sensible heritage of China of the final three hundred years’ – Hu Shih.

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Extra resources for Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period 1644-1912, Volume 1

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Chang Ch'i was an accomplished calligrapher, noted for his skill in the official (li), the regular (k'ai), and the cursive (hsing) styles. He combined the gracefulness of the Han official writing with the vigor of the Northern Wei, and so formed a distinctive style. He was considered the equal of Teng Shih-ju [q. ] in the li and of Pao Shih-ch'en in the k'ai and hsing styles. His four daughters were writers who achieved literary fame: the eldest, Chang Ch'ieh-ying ill~~ (T. ~ (T. b TanchU hsUan shih-kao, 4 chuan; the second, Chang Kuan-yingiJJUI~ (T.

1733), continued the family tradition as salt merchant-a trade in which the family is still engaged. In 1748, when Emperor Kao-tsung made a tour to Shantung, he passed twice through Tientsin whose inhabitants made extensive preparations for his welcome. ;, or palace used by the emperor when travelling. Some persons conjecture that the famous theater in Peking, the Kuang-ho lou -~-. which at one time was called Cha-lou :f£11, was originally a possession of the Cha family. This theater, one of the oldest in China, is described in the Japanese travel account ±~ JJ1I II ..

Of the Gftwalgiya clan, which belonged to the Manchu Bordered Blue Banner. Beginning as a captain, he was appointed in 1657 a reader in the Pi-shu yuan (~~). In 1659 he was made a commander of the garrison troops at Ninguta to succeed his father who died in that year. At the same time he inherited the rank of baron (jj) of the first class which had been granted to his father. In 1660 he reported a complete victory over the Russian troops under Afanasii Filippovich Pashkov (d. fttl) which was in the Shilka River region.

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