By Marisa von Bülow
Construction Transnational Networks tells the tale of the way a extensive crew of civil society organisations got here jointly to contest unfastened exchange negotiations within the Americas. in keeping with learn in Brazil, Chile, Mexico, the us, and Canada, it deals a whole hemispheric research of the construction of civil society networks as they engaged within the politics of exchange. the writer demonstrates that the majority potent transnational actors are those with powerful family roots and that "southern" organisations occupy key nodes in exchange networks. The fragility of activist networks stems from alterations within the household political context in addition to from features of the firms, the networks, or the activities they adopt. those findings develop and recommend new understandings of transnational collective motion.
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Additional info for Building Transnational Networks: Civil Society and the Politics of Trade in the Americas
Walker has pointed out that claims about an emerging global civil society “usually reveal the reproductive powers of statist discourse more than they do the capacity of social movements to challenge that discourse” (Walker 1994: 674). 11 This literature represents a sustained effort to understand how and why actors sometimes “domesticate” international grievances and issues, and sometimes “externalize” them (Imig and Tarrow 2001; Rootes 2005; Tarrow 2005). The Dynamics of Collective Action An important part of the empirical analysis offered by the literature on transnationalism has focused on case studies of single-issue campaigns and protest events.
Most of the CSOs studied in this book had some kind of collaborative tie or participation in the institutional arena, domestically and – increasingly – also abroad. As the political context changes, for example, through the election of a new president or the launching of another trade agreement negotiation, actors change their perceptions of opportunities and threats to collective action. In the last decade, debates 5 6 7 8 For a call to shift from the search of general models to the study of mechanisms, processes, and episodes, see McAdam et al.
The participation in transnational alliances and federations, on the other hand, requires routinized communications, internal division of tasks, and procedures for making decisions. 2, because they endure over the years (173–175). In terms of degree of internationalization, actors can become part of international federations or global social movements, or they can restrict their participation to the domestic scale of transnational coalition building. For example, an important part of the mobilizations against the FTAA occurred within national borders, through the actions of the national chapters of the Continental Campaign against the FTAA .