By Amy J. Fitzgerald
Each day, thousands of individuals world wide sit to a meal that comes with meat. This publication explores numerous questions because it examines using animals as meals: How did the domestication and creation of farm animals animals emerge and why? How did present modes of elevating and slaughtering animals for human intake increase, and what are their outcomes? What should be performed to mitigate or even opposite the affects of animal creation? With perception into the historic, cultural, political, criminal, and monetary approaches that form our use of animals as nutrients, Fitzgerald offers a holistic photograph and explicates the connections within the offer chain which are obscured within the present mode of meals construction. Bridging the gap in animal agriculture among construction, processing, intake, and their linked affects, this research envisions methods of redressing the unwanted effects of using animals as nutrition. It information how intake degrees and practices have replaced because the courting among construction, processing, and intake has shifted. as a result of wide-ranging questions addressed during this booklet, the writer attracts on many fields of inquiry, together with sociology, (critical) animal experiences, heritage, economics, legislations, political technological know-how, anthropology, criminology, environmental technology, geography, philosophy, and animal technological know-how.
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Additional info for Animals as Food: (Re)connecting Production, Processing, Consumption, and Impacts (The Animal Turn)
Due to the difference between production and consumption, the livestock market crashed the decade before the Great Depression. 13 Much of the blame for the crash was bestowed upon farmers, and they were pressured to become more businesslike to prevent this from happening again. The business model that bankers, insurance companies, academic institutions, and the government urged them to adopt was one of increased industrialization. This would only exacerbate the overproduction problem. S. government introduced the Agricultural Adjustment Acts (1933, 1938) to redress the overproduction in agriculture | Livestock Production 13 and raise farm incomes.
In the case of animal agriculture this is evident in the dramatically increased number of livestock animals on farms, which in later stages of industrialization come to resemble factories more than what farms used to look like. The first part of this chapter traces the transition to industrial animal agriculture and the adoption of the five characteristics identified above. The subsequent sections tease apart the specific factors that contributed to these developments, focusing specifically on the 9 | 10 Chapter 2 past several decades.
TECHNOLOGICAL SEEDS OF CHANGE Historians of science and technology highlight the roles that specific innovations play in contributing to periods of social change. 3 These eras are helpful in orienting ourselves with regard to what was transpiring in the background as we foreground the developments in animal agriculture. The first era dates back to the australopithecenes, approximately ten million years ago, and is marked by the development of the ability among these hunter-gatherers to create tools and to start and control fires.