By Barbara Belyea
Anthony Henday, a tender Hudson’s Bay corporation worker, set out from York manufacturing unit in June 1754 to iciness with “trading Indians” alongside the Saskatchewan River. He tailored willingly and simply to their lifestyle; he additionally saved a magazine during which he defined the plains quarter and took be aware of rival French investors’ luck at their inland posts. a replica of Henday’s magazine used to be instantly despatched to the corporate administrators in London. They rewarded Henday handsomely even though they have been doubtful the place he had travelled, what teams he had met at the plains, and what good fortune he had in opposing rival French investors. when you consider that then, uncertainty approximately Henday’s yr inland has elevated. the unique magazine disappeared; in basic terms 4 copies, relationship from 1755 to approximately 1782, are extant. each one textual content differs from the opposite 3; the variations variety from version spellings to note option to contradictory statements on important questions. All 4 copies are the paintings of an organization clerk, later issue, named Andrew Graham, who used them to help his personal perspectives on HBC buying and selling regulations. Twentieth-century students have established their claims for Henday’s significance as an explorer, dealer and observer of local cultures on a poorly edited transcript of the 1782 textual content. they've been unaware or careless of the journal’s textual ambiguity. A yr Inland offers all 4 copies for the 1st time, including contextual notes and a remark that reassesses the journal’s details on plains geography, humans and exchange.
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Extra resources for A Year Inland: The Journal of a Hudson’s Bay Company Winterer
Took my departure from Tickomeg Reach, and paddled up a branch of Steel River 12 Miles NW. passed much Shoal Water with rocky ground; obliged to carry our Canoes over it. Passed thirty Islands; on one of them grows a few Birch trees. The banks of the River is low on which grows Small pines. Saw several Craw-fish, and killed a Duck. 239/a/40 ye 4 Thursday fine weather wind at SWt, took my departure from Crawfish fall, and Steered Wt 22 M, falls much the same as the day before, the Inds killed 3 Beaver, here being plenty of their Houses.
To consider the e texts as closer to Henday’s lost original than the fair copy sent to London in 1755 is to ignore Graham’s intervention as copyist in all four instances. The four extant texts are rife with differences and contradictions. Even entries which record the same details—for example, the entries for 26 and 27 June; 2-4, 14, 26-28 July; 6-7, 15 August; 17-18 September—differ from each other in terms of vocabulary, proper names, turns of phrase and ‘‘accidentals’’ (dating, capitalization, punctuation).
An absence of a clear sense of priorities . . ’’16 Bumsted does not define ‘‘accurate test’’ or ‘‘complete text,’’ while ‘‘context’’ is assumed to be the events, characters, setting and conditions that produced the document and that figure in the text. The Occasional Papers of the Champlain Society for 1992 provides a second theoretical statement on Canadian editing, by ethnohistorian and editor Jennifer S. H. Brown. 17 Brown considers the editorial process as a series of five textual operations.