Download A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts: Volume I: by Kerry Kuehn PDF

By Kerry Kuehn

This booklet offers a chronological creation to the sciences of astronomy and cosmology according to the interpreting and research of vital choices from vintage texts, comparable to Ptolemy’s The Almagest, Kepler’s Epitome of Copernican Astronomy, Shapley’s Galaxies and Lemaître’s The Primeval Atom.

Each bankruptcy starts with a brief advent via a analyzing choice. conscientiously crafted learn questions draw out key issues within the textual content and concentration the reader’s recognition at the author’s tools, research, and conclusions. Numerical and observational routines on the finish of every bankruptcy try out the reader’s skill to appreciate and follow key innovations from the text.

The Heavens and the Earth is the 1st of 4 volumes in A Student’s advisor in the course of the nice Physics Texts. This ebook grew out of a four-semester undergraduate physics curriculum designed to motivate a serious and circumspect method of traditional technological know-how, whereas even as getting ready scholars for complicated coursework in physics.

This e-book is especially appropriate as a college-level textbook for college kids of the normal sciences, background or philosophy. It additionally serves as a textbook for complex high-school scholars, or as a thematically-organized source-book for students and prompted lay-readers. In learning the vintage medical texts integrated herein, the reader may be drawn towards a life of contemplation.

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Extra info for A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts: Volume I: The Heavens and The Earth

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As to that which is moved, we have shown that it is primary and simple and ungenerated and indestructible and generally unchanging; and the mover has an even better right to these attributes. It is the primary that moves the primary, the simple the simple, the indestructible and ungenerated that which is indestructible and ungenerated. Since then that which is moved, being a body, is nevertheless unchanging, how should the mover, which is incorporeal, be changed? It follows then, further, that the motion cannot be irregular.

But the opposite is the case. The movements of the sun and moon are fewer than those of some of the planets. Yet these planets are farther from the centre and thus nearer to the primary body than they, as observation has itself revealed. For we have seen the moon, halffull, pass beneath the planet Mars, which vanished on its shadow side and came forth by the bright and shining part. Similar accounts of other stars are given by the Egyptians and Babylonians, whose observations have been kept for very many years past, and from whom much of our evidence about particular stars is derived.

Magnitude 2. Continuum 3. Divisible 4. Appropriate 5. Continuity 6. Virtue 7. Accordance 8. Subsequent 9. Locomotion 10. Compound 11. Infinite 12. Composite 13. Ordain 14. Proportionate 15. Compelled 16. Ungenerated 17. Substrate 18. Contrary 19. Kindred 20. Disposition 21. Diminution 22. Supposition 23. Inconceivable 24. Aither 25. Assert 26. Allot 27. Recur 28. Infer Chapter 2 The Shape and Motion of the Heavens Nothing which concerns the eternal can be a matter of chance or spontaneity. 1 Introduction At the outset of Book I of On the Heavens, Aristotle argued that the celestial bodies cannot be comprised of one of the four commonly known elements—earth, water, air and fire.

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